Table of contents

Technical standards in DfE

Like all UK Government departments, architects in DfE are guided by the UK Government Service Standard, the Technology Code of Practice and the Government Functional Standards.

Architects in DfE should also be familiar with our Enterprise Architecture principles, Technical Architecture principles and Enterprise Data Architecture principles.

Architects involved in developing software should also be familiar with our coding principles and front-end development principles.

Standards in development

Some technical standards have already been published, but require work to make them fit-for-purpose across DfE. Most technical standards do not yet exist or are in development.

The architecture team are co-ordinating the creation of technical standards in DfE. The following list shows proposed technical standards - derived from the Technology Reference Model and grouped by component - and who owns them.

We’re working with these owners and teams to prioritise creation of the standards that will provide the most value to both delivery teams and DfE. The ones actively being worked on are in bold. As standards are agreed and published, they will be updated on this page.

Accepted products

Whilst technical standards are being developed, some accepted products in DfE have been highlighted (initalics) against some of the higher priority groups. These are products that are currently in use in the department and make most sense to use / re-use. If you choose one of these products, you are most likely to be aligned with the standard being developed. More will be added as more data is gathered and analysed

Management components

Group Standard areas Product Division
Strategic Management Strategy Development   DDaT Senior Leadership Team
  Goals and Outcomes    
Security Management Perimeter and Network Security   Networks
  Device Security   End User Compute Services
  Virus and Malware Prevention and Management   Cyber Security
  Data/Communication Security and Confidentiality    
  Platform and System Security    
  Vulnerability and Threat Management    
  Identity and Access Management B2C - GOV.UK One Login  
    B2B - DfE Sign in  
    B2E - MS Azure Active Directory  
  Security Incident Management    
  Monitoring, Traceability, Auditing and Forensics    
System Management Service Desk and CMDB Tools   End User Compute Services
  Deployment, Audit and Inventory   Service Operations
  Monitoring and Event Management    
  Performance and Capacity Management    
  Mobile Device Management   End User Compute Services
  Device Management and Configuration Tools    
  Remote Control Management Tools    
Delivery Management Portfolio and Project Management   Delivery Management
  Architecture Management   Architecture
  Roadmap Development and Management   Strategy & Engagement
  Performance Metrics   Delivery Management
  Service Catalogue   Service Operations
  Resource Capacity Management   Capability
  Prioritisation   Strategy & Engagement
Application Development Development Tools MS Visual Studio Infrastructure & Platforms
    VS Code  
    Azure DevOps  
  Data Access Tools    
  Scripting Tools    
  Modelling and Design Tools   Architecture
  Requirements Management Tools   Business Analysis Community
  Programming Languages C# .NET Infrastructure & Platforms
  Testing Tools    
  Source Code Management Tools Github  
  Lifecycle and Configuration Management Tools    

Devices and peripherals

Group Standard areas Product Division
End User Devices Desktop Devices   End User Compute Services
  Laptop Devices    
  Mobile Devices    
  Tablet Devices    
  End User Device OS    
Peripherals Printers   End User Compute Srvices
  Other Devices    
IOT Devices Edge Devices   End User Compute Services

Application components

Group Standard areas Product Division
Business Applications Finance and Accounting Applications    
  Human Resource Management Applications   Human resources
  Sales, Purchasing and Commercial Applications Jaeggar Customer Experience
  Marketing Applications GOV.UK Notify  
  Customer Service Applications MS Dynamics 365 End User Compute Services
    Zendesk (Customer Service Desk)  
  Case Management Applications   Infrastructure & Platforms
  Business Operations Management Applications MS Power Automate Business Operations
    MS Azure Data Factory  
    MS Forms (Data Capture)  
Productivity Tools Collaboration Applications MS Teams End User Compute Services
  Productivity and Office Applications MS Office 365  
  Email and Calendar Applications    
  Common Desktop Tools    
  Instant Messaging and Presence Applications    
  Document Management and Workflow Applications MS SharePoint Knowledge & Information Management
    MS Power Automate  
  Browser and Web Desktop Applications   End User Compute Services
  Content Management Applications Contentful  
    GOV.UK Publisher  
  Enterprise Search Applications   Knowledge & Information Management
  Accessibility Applicatons   Accessibility
  Video and Telephony Conferencing Applications   End User Compute Services
  Digital Signature Tools   Cyber Security / Service Operations
Middleware API Management EAPIM Infrastructure & Platforms
  Container Management    
  Enterprise Service Bus    
  Message/Event Stream Processing    
  Middleware connectors    
  IOT Platforms    

Data components

Group Standard areas Product Division
Analytics and Reporting Data Warehouse Systems   Data Architecture
  Dashboard Reporting    
  Operational/Transactional Reporting    
  Analytical Reporting    
  Advanced Analytics Platforms    
  IOT Stream Analytics    
Data Platforms Relational Database Management Systems MS Azure SQL  
  Unstructured Data Management Systems    
  Analytical Data Management Systems    
  Data Integration and Orchestration Systems   Data Engineering
  Data Transfer and Transformation Systems    
  Data Connectors    
  Data Governance and Quality Systems   Data Architecture
  Master Data Management    

Infrastructure components

Group Standard areas Product Division
Server Platform Server Hardware   Infrastructure & Platforms
  Server OS    
  Server Virtualisation Platform    
  File and Print Services    
  High Availability Platform Services    
  Application Virtualisation Platform    
Storage and Backup Storage System    
  Data Management and Replication    
  Backup and Recovery    
  Network Attached Storage    
Network and Telecoms Management Network Event and Fault Management   Networks
  Network Configuration Management    
  Voice/Video Management Tools   End User Compute Services
  Network Performance and Capacity Management   Networks
  Wireless LAN Management    
  Conferencing Management Tools   End User Compute Services
Network and Telecoms Infrastructure LAN Services   Networks
  WAN Services    
  Voice Services    
  Video Services    
  Wireless Services    
  Conferencing Services    
Data Centre and Facilities Racking   Infrastructure & Platforms
  Facilities Management   Estates
  Fire Protection    
  Physical Security    
  Cabling Management    
  Environment Management   Infrastructure & Platforms

Published standards

Whilst technical standards are being developed, architects may also find the following information useful in their work:

Standard owners

Every standard has an owner. This is typically a technical lead in a particular domain.

A standard owner’s responsibilities are to:

  • Ensure the standard is published and available to all
  • Ensure the standard is fit-for-purpose across DfE
  • Consult (or facilitate consultation) with stakeholders impacted by the standard
  • Ensure the standard is iterated and updated in the architecture repository

Application of standards

The application of standards is generally assured through co-design in teams, and peer review in architecture and technical communities. There will also be checks that standards have been met during service assessment. Occasionally, there may be spot checks to ensure consistent and appropriate application of DfE technical standards.

Architects are responsible for architecture and design decisions in their respective portfolio, service or domain. They should be confident in representing these in their respective communities and any DfE governance or assurance forums. Typically, design decisions are recorded as Architecture Decision Records (ADRs) and stored alongside other design and technical documentation (ideally in Github).